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TreeNode.cache_attr(func, cache_attrname, cache_type=<class 'list'>)[source]#

Cache attributes on internal nodes of the tree.


func will be provided the node currently being evaluated and must return a list of item (or items) to cache from that node or an empty list.


Name of the attribute to decorate on containing the cached values

cache_type{set, frozenset, list}

The type of the cache


If an cache_type that is not a set or a list is specified.


This method is particularly useful if you need to frequently look up attributes that would normally require a traversal of the tree.

WARNING: any cache created by this method will be invalidated if the topology of the tree changes (e.g., if TreeNode.invalidate_caches is called).


Cache the tip names of the tree on its internal nodes

>>> from skbio import TreeNode
>>> tree =["((a,b,(c,d)e)f,(g,h)i)root;"])
>>> f = lambda n: [] if n.is_tip() else []
>>> tree.cache_attr(f, 'tip_names')
>>> for n in tree.traverse(include_self=True):
...     print("Node name: %s, cache: %r" % (, n.tip_names))
Node name: root, cache: ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'g', 'h']
Node name: f, cache: ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd']
Node name: a, cache: ['a']
Node name: b, cache: ['b']
Node name: e, cache: ['c', 'd']
Node name: c, cache: ['c']
Node name: d, cache: ['d']
Node name: i, cache: ['g', 'h']
Node name: g, cache: ['g']
Node name: h, cache: ['h']